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Goddess Juno

Juno, the Queen of Rome was an ancient spirit who along with Jupiter and Minerva, was one of the three original gods of Rome.  Originally Juno was a Goddess of Time whose duty it was to organize the orderly division of time.  The monthly menstrual cycle was the first method of time- keeping, so in this capacity she rules women’s monthly menses.  She is involved in woman’s lives from birth to death, but most particularly married life, fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth.  Juno can be thought of as a guardian angel to women, and she represents the female principal of life.

Juno was the daughter of Saturn and married her twin brother Jupiter. She had two children, Mars and Vulcan.  Mars was not fathered by Juno’s husband Jupiter, but was conceived by the use of a magick flower given to her by the Goddess Flora.  She is often depicted driving a chariot pulled by lions.

There are many different aspects of Juno that developed over the centuries:

Juno Februata – In this aspect, Juno is the purifier presiding over spiritual cleansing and preparing for the new year.  All of February was dedicated to her, and her candle festival was taken over by the Christians and made into Candlemas.

Feast – Feb.2

 

Juno Caprotina – In this aspect Juno is the patron of enslaved women.

Feast – July 7

 

Juno Covella – In this aspect Juno is the spirit of the New Moon.

Sacred Time – Each New Moon

 

Juno Curitis – In this aspect Juno is a warrior woman who protects married women and promises healthy babies.

Offerings – Wine, barley cakes

 

Juno Fluonia – In this aspect Juno is the matron of menopausal woman.

 

Juno Lucina – In this aspect Juno is the patron of childbirth and pregnant women. She guides the baby into the light.

Feast – March 1

 

Juno Lupa – In this aspect Juno is a wolf that is partnered with Faunus.  She presides over Lupercalia and may be the wolf that nursed Romulus and Remus.

Feast – Feb 14  Juno and Faunus respond to women’s pleas for fertility

 

Juno Matrona – In this aspect Juno presides over marriage and is invoked for marital happiness.

Feast – May 1

 

Juno Moneta – In this aspect Juno warns of attack and presides over money and treasures.

Feast – June 1

 

Juno Populonia – In this aspect Juno s the Goddess of the people.

 

Juno Pronuba – In this aspect Juno helps women find good husbands.

 

Juno Regina - In this aspect Juno is the Queen of Goddesses.

Feasts – Sept. 1 & 13

 

Juno Sororia – In this aspect Juno is a sister bringing harmony between siblings.

Feast – Oct. 1

 

Juno Sospita – In this aspect Juno is in her warrior aspect. She is the savior and defender of Rome. She is found on Roman coins from 105 BCE.

Bird – Crow

Feast – Feb. 1

 

Juno Viraplaca – In this aspect Juno settles arguments between spouses. 

 

The Matronalia commemorates the founding of her temple and is celebrated on March 1.  On this day women journeyed to her temple bearing gifts. It is also a day when husbands were expected to present their wives with gifts.

The first of each month is special to Juno and the whole month of June is important because it was named in her honor.

 

Sacred to Juno

Animals – Snakes, goats, wolves

Birds – Peacocks, crows, geese

Tree – Fig

Flower – Iris

Planet – Moon

Number – 1

 

Offerings to Juno – Flowers, peacock feathers, wine, mineral water, coins   Offerings to Juno are traditionally given on the first day of each month.

RM 2018